I’ve been running a company for a long time; we started TransPerfect out of a dorm room when I was still in my twenties, and that was half my life ago. I didn’t have years of slow promotions behind me where I could learn the ropes or career mentors to shepherd me along. No, like so many entrepreneurs, I dove brazenly into deep waters and forced myself to swim. hat sort of courage is exactly what drives people to go into business for themselves: the willingness to risk everything for the chance to forge their own destinies. So for every entrepreneur, for every mid-level manager with dreams of advancement, and for every up-and-coming startup founder, I want to offer some kind words of advice: the five best things I ever learned about how to lead effectively.